People are becoming more health-conscious, and hence, a noticeable change in the type of food they consume is recognised. A standout within the healthy food realm is broccoli sprouts.
Broccoli sprouts can be considered the baby version of broccoli plants. They’re tender and are consumed within a few of days of sprouting.
It is preferred not to cook broccoli sprouts, so they don’t lose their nutrients, and hence, people prefer consuming Broccoli sprouts raw and are usually used in salads and sandwiches.
Broccoli sprouts are more than just an excellent crunchy element in your salads; studies have proven that broccoli sprouts can aid supporting a wide array of health issues.
Glucoraphanin is found in high levels within broccoli sprouts. When people consume broccoli sprouts, their body converts glucoraphanin into sulforaphane, which protects the cells from diseases and inflammation.
A few benefits of broccoli sprouts include:
1. Prevention against Cancer
Cruciferous vegetables, including broccoli, cauliflowers, kale, and cabbages, are known to protect our bodies from cancer. Many studies have confirmed that consuming cruciferous vegetables slows down a tumour because sulforaphane aids in stopping the tumour from becoming an active one.
One research claims that your chances of developing cancer can be reduced by 40% if you consume 3 to 5 servings of such vegetables per week.
2. Stomach Ulcer Treatment
Sulforaphane not only stomps the growth of tumors but also fights ulcer-producing bacteria.
A study conducted on mice showed that sulforaphane might be more effective in the long term than antibiotics when it comes to treating ulcers.
Furthermore, another study claims that the effects of sulforaphane might be the same for humans because people who consumed approximately 2.5 ounces of broccoli sprouts each day had comparatively fewer bacteria that could cause ulcers than those who consumed alfalfa sprouts. These people also showed less inflammation.
3. Mental Health
Studies have proven that the compound sulforaphane can reduce the level of glutamate present in a person, and higher levels of glutamate have been linked to depression and schizophrenia.
Although the research hasn’t provided any conclusive evidence, it is proven that sulforaphane helps manage symptoms regarding mental health and can eventually lead to a lower medicinal dose.
Broccoli sprouts are packed with fibers, proteins, Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Iron, and Calcium. They also are a low-calorie food with 100 times more glucoraphanin than what you would find in broccoli.
The nutrition value, on average, one serving size of broccoli sprouts contains:
- Calories 20
- Fibre 2g
- Protein 2g
- Carbohydrates 2g
- Sugar 0g
- Fat 0g (1)
5. Support for healthy ageing
As we age, there are a lot of factors affecting the way we age. These could be either genetics or influenced by our environment, such as high levels of pollution.
To maintain our health throughout our life, we do several things, such as cutting back on certain foods, exercising, etc.
But recent studies regarding nutrigenomics have shown that the optimum way to maintain a healthy life is through aiding the cells, so they perform their everyday activities flawlessly.
As the cells would typically be functioning, our cells’ defence system against external threats will be encountered seamlessly.
It is impossible to prevent yourself from aging as it’s a natural process. Still, it is possible that one can aid their bodies into aging in a healthy way by decreasing the factors which deteriorate the quality of one’s life. Broccoli sprouts are one of the essential food items that encourage healthy wellbeing.
6. Defense against disease
To have a strong defence against diseases, it is vital to increase cell production. Nrf2 is a compound that can influence approximately 2000 genes that protect the cells and increase the production of different proteins that aid in defence against diseases. Nrf2 is exponentially more capable of eliminating free radicals when activated as compared to vitamins and other antioxidants, which are derived from foods.
Naturally, our cells tend to inhibit inflammatory pathways to prevent hormones and environmental toxins from forming mutagens, which are cancer-producing adducts of our DNA. Hence, Sulforaphane is vital to block the enzymes that activate carcinogens as it can act as a preventive compound for cancer.
Sulforaphane has a high potency and also has a high bioavailability due which when sulforaphane is ingested, 80% of it is absorbed by the cells, which is very high as compared to other compounds such as curcumin, resveratrol, and green tea polyphenols whose bioavailability is as low as 1%. Due to the bioavailability and potency of sulforaphane, a significant amount can be absorbed by the cells. More researches are being conducted to check the diseases it can treat.
6. Potential support for the cardiovascular system
Studies have shown that sulforaphane can positively influence the growth of enzymes vital to protect and support the blood vessels. It also encourages enzymes that support the immune system by reducing oxidative molecules and inflammation as they cause cell damage. Some studies have shown that sulforaphane can also reverse existing damage on the blood vessels to address endothelial dysfunction. This can further calcify the blood vessels’ muscle lining and reform the arterial plaque present in the heart and vessels.
Hence, sulforaphane can reduce the risk of various diseases such as heart attack or stroke, kidney disease, and type 2 diabetes. As it aids in reforming the lining of the blood vessels, it can also reduce blood pressure which often indicates abnormal functioning of the blood vessels. Thus, bioactive substances such as sulforaphane are vital for a healthy heart.
Aside from protecting your body against a wide array of diseases, broccoli sprouts are consumed by anyone trying to follow a healthy diet and lifestyle as they are rich in nutrients.
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